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ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺔ‎ ﻓﻲ‎ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻪ Tentang kebolehan menjihar selawat sesudah azan

ﺟﻮﺍﺯ ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻷﺫﺍﻥ

ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺤﻄﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻟﻜﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻪ
ﻣﻮﺍﻫﺐ ﺍﻟﺠﻠﻴﻞ ﺝ430 / 1ﻣﺎ ﻧﺼﻪ" :

ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺴﺨﺎﻭﻱ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻳﻊ
)ﺹ196: (ﺃﺣﺪﺙ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﺫﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ
ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ
ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻋﻘﺐ ﺍﻷﺫﺍﻥ ﻟﻠﻔﺮﺍﺋﺾ
ﺍﻟﺨﻤﺲ ﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﺼﺒﺢ ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻤﻌﺔ ﻓﺈﻧﻬﻢ
ﻳﻘﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻷﺫﺍﻥ ﻭﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﻤﻐﺮﺏ
ﻓﻼ ﻳﻔﻌﻠﻮﻧﻪ ﻟﻀﻴﻖ ﻭﻗﺘﻬﺎ،ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﺀ
ﺣﺪﻭﺛﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ
ﻳﻮﺳﻒ ﺑﻦ ﺃﻳﻮﺏ ﻭﺑﺄﻣﺮﻩ ﻭﺫﻛﺮ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ
ﻷﻥ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺡ ﺑﻦ ﺃﻳﻮﺏ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ
ﺃﺫﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺎﺀ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻌﺔ،ﺛﻢ ﺇﻥ
ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﺮﺍﺀ ﺯﻋﻢ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺭﺃﻯ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ
ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻭﺃﻣﺮﻩ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ
ﻟﻠﻤﺤﺘﺴﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺄﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﺫﻧﻴﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺼﻠﻮﺍ
ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻋﻘﺐ ﻛﻞ ﺃﺫﺍﻥ،ﻓﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﺴﺐ
ﺑﻬﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺮﺅﻳﺎ ﻓﺄﻣﺮ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ
ﻳﻮﻣﻨﺎ ﻫﺬﺍ.ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﺧﺘﻠﻒ ﻓﻲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻫﻞ
ﻫﻮ ﻣﺴﺘﺤﺐ ﺃﻭ ﻣﻜﺮﻭﻩ ﺃﻭ ﺑﺪﻋﺔ ﺃﻭ
ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ،ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺪﻝ ﻟﻸﻭﻝ ﺑﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ:

"ﻭﺍﻓﻌﻠﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺮ."ﻭﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ
ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞّ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺏ ﻻ ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﻭﻗﺪ
ﺗﻮﺍﺗﺮﺕ ﺍﻷﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺤﺚ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ
ﻣﻊ ﻣﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﻓﻲ ﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﻋﻘﺒﻪ
ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻠﺚ ﺍﻷﺧﻴﺮ ﻭﻗﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﻔﺠﺮ،ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻮﺍﺏ
ﺃﻧﻪ ﺑﺪﻋﺔ ﺣﺴﻨﺔ ﻭﻳﺆﺟﺮ ﻓﺎﻋﻠﻪ ﺑﺤﺴﻦ
ﻧﻴﺘﻪ."ﺍﻫـ

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